4N KATHMANDU & POKHARA
NEPAL TOUR: KATHMANDU –POKHARA – KATHMANDU WITH NAGARKOT [4 NIGHT / 5 DAYS]
Major Tourist Destinations: Kathmandu, Nagarkot, Patan, Bhaktapur, Dhulikhel, Pokhara, Chitwan, Lumbini, Lukla and so on.
Area: 147,181 Sq Km
Population: Approx. 26.5 million (as per 2011 census)
Religion: Hindu 81.3%, Buddhism 9%, Islam 4.4 % Others 5.3%
Currency: Nepalese Rupee
Drives on: Left
Calling Code: +977
Literacy Rate: Approx. 66% ( Year 2011)
The elevation of Kathmandu is 4,600 feet from sea level. Kathmandu is the capital and largest urban agglomerate of Nepal. Kathmandu is the gateway to tourism in Nepal. It is also the nerve center of the country’s economy. The city of Kathmandu was named after Kasthamandap temple that stands in Durbar Square. In Sanskrit, Kastha means “wood” and Mandap means “covered shelter”. This temple, also known as MaruSatal, was built in 1596 by King Laxmi Narsingh Malla. The two-storey structure is made entirely of wood, and uses no iron nails nor supports. According to legend, all the timber used to build this pagoda was obtained from a single tree.
The colophons of ancient manuscripts, dated as late as the 20th century, refer to Kathmandu as Kasthamandap Mahanagar in Nepal Mandala. Mahanagar means “great city”. The city is called “Kasthamandap” in a vow that Buddhist priests still recite to this day. Thus, Kathmandu is also known as Kasthamandap. During medieval times, the city was sometimes called Kantipur. This name is derived from two Sanskrit words – Kanti and pur. “Kanti” is one of the names of the Goddess Lakshmi, and “pur” means place.
Among the indigenous Newar people, Kathmandu is known as Yen Desa , and Patan and Bhaktapur are known as YalaDesa and KhwopaDesa.”Yen” is the shorter form of Yambu , which originally referred to the northern half of Kathmandu.
Located approximately 7000 ft (2000 m) above sea level and 28 km from Kathmandu International Airport, Nagarkot is a world famous hills station commanding breathtaking views of the majestic Himalayas, rolling hills, deep valleys, lush pine forests in a quaint rural atmosphere.
Considered as the best viewpoint spot to enjoy the magnificent sunrise and sunset with spectacular Himalayan vistas, Nagarkot commands one of the broadest views of the snowcapped Himalayas in the Kathmandu valley (8 Himalayan ranges of Nepal out of 13 from here). The ranges include Annapurna range, Manaslu range, Ganesh himal range, Lang tang range, Jugal range, Rolwaling range, Mahalangur range( Everest range) and Numbur range with splendid views of the Kathmandu valley and Shivapuri national park.
Pokhara is the third largest city of Nepal with an area of 55.22 km2 and a population of 264,991 inhabitants, making one of the densely populated city. The city is located approximately 200 km west of the country’s capital, Kathmandu. It serves as the headquarters of Kaski District, Gandaki Zone and the Western Development Region. Pokhara is the most popular tourist destination in Nepal. Three out of the ten highest mountains in the world — Dhaulagiri, Annapurna I and Manaslu — are within 30 miles (linear distance) of the city, so that the northern skyline of the city offers a very close view of the Himalayas. Due to its proximity to the Annapurna mountain range, the city is also a base for trekkers undertaking the Annapurna Circuit through the ACAP regionof the Annapurna ranges in the Himalayas.Pokhara is the largest tourist city in the country, home to great Himalayan trails.